Received Date: April 13, 2012; Accepted Date: June 18, 2012; Published Date: June 20, 2012 Citation: Heyland DK, Pichora D, Dodek P, Lamontagne F, You JJ, et al.
(2012) The Development and Validation of a Questionnaire to Audit Advance Care Planning. doi:10.4172/2165-7386.1000119 Copyright: © 2012 Heyland DK, et al.
Questionnaires help gather information on knowledge, attitudes, opinions, behaviors, facts, and other information.
In a review of 748 research studies conducted in agricultural and Extension education, Radhakrishna, Leite, and Baggett (2003) found that 64% used questionnaires.
They also found that a third of the studies reviewed did not report procedures for establishing validity (31%) or reliability (33%).
Development of a valid and reliable questionnaire is a must to reduce measurement error.
Groves (1987) defines measurement error as the "discrepancy between respondents' attributes and their survey responses" (p. Development of a valid and reliable questionnaire involves several steps taking considerable time.
Due to our limited understanding of their pathogenesis, functional bowel disorders remain largely a diagnosis of exclusion.This article describes the process for developing and testing questionnaires and posits five sequential steps involved in developing and testing a questionnaire: research background, questionnaire conceptualization, format and data analysis, and establishing validity and reliability.Systematic development of questionnaires is a must to reduce many measurement errors.The final questionnaire consists of 29 items and the psychometrics indicated that it is valid and reliable.DOI: Global Journal of Health Science ISSN 1916-9736(Print) ISSN 1916-9744(Online)Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ccsenet.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'.